Mary’s Room And The Knowledge Argument Explained. Kierkegaard’s philosophy often brings confusion, since he is attributed with the title of “the first existentialist,” yet he was also a Christian. 2. Kierkegaard and Nietzsche are often treated together as early existentialists. The aesthetic life is lived when an individual relates to themselves. Optimism/Pessimism: Schopenhauer vs Nietzsche. ~ Jean-Paul Sartre 1. Notoriously, Kierkegaard claims his project to be one of indirect communication. They focused on subjective human experience rather than the objective truths of mathematics and science, which they believed were too … I don’t think the comparison is all that easy, because the two were doing two essentially different projects. As Mason explains, Kierkegaard thought that an individual’s life is defined by what one relates themselves to. The textual content of this image is harassing me or someone I know Kierkegaard and Nietzsche were two of the first philosophers considered fundamental to the existentialist movement, though neither used the term "existentialism" and it is unclear whether they would have supported the existentialism of the 20th century. However, Kierkegaard believed that individuals should live in accordance with their thinking. Camus, Nietzsche, and Sartre were all heavily influenced by Kierkegaard. Reddit; Mail; The Difference Between Existentialism, Nihilism, and Absurdism. High quality Existentialism inspired Mugs by independent artists and designers from around the world. Next, we must discuss the socio-historical views on death, suffering, and the alleviation thereof. Soren Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher and theologian considered the father of existentialism. Three different ways of approaching the lack of intrinsic meaning. Basic Ideas of Existentialism The first important literary author also important to existentialism was the Russian Fyodor Dostoyevsky. For the disagree on everything version, it's not historically plausible. This is rather odd, as Kierkegaard was self-consciously seeking to be an orthodox Christian, and Nietzsche was self-consciously seeking to destroy Christianity. Nevertheless, after reading only a little bit of Nietzsche I have seen some parallels to Kierkegaard already. 13. Kierkegaard compares the dizziness felt in the face of boundless possibility with a man standing at the edge of a cliff over an abyss. Dostoyevsky and Sartre. Nietzsche summarized the importance of the organizing idea in giving form to one’s psyche in the following unpublished note: “It is a myth to believe that we will find our authentic self after we have left behind or forgotten one thing or another…To make ourselves, to … Kierkegaard had struggled with the complacency and formalism of the Lutheran official church of his day, resulting in an introspective journey that would cause him to even question the nature of the self. by Werner Horvath. Along with the fear of accidentally falling to his death, he experiences anxiety in the realization that he is free to jump. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Both positions strike me as extreme. For Kierkegaard, the aim of life was to cultivate passion, intensity, and a sense of possibility. Nazis explained Nietzsche’s philosophy in their own terms, so for many years after the war, Nietzsche was almost entirely ignored and forgotten. Walter A. Kaufmann did a great job in cleaning up Nietzsche’s name and restoring value to his philosophical concepts. Søren Kierkegaard’s two heroes were Socrates and Jesus Christ. It's not clear how well Kierkegaard understood Hegel vs. Danish Hegelians.