Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The 7.0 mW quake with aftershocks ranging from 4.2 to 5.9 affected at least three million people and increased poverty in Haiti. Unemployment is estimated to be as high as 70 percent Santeria: practiced in Cuba, the merging of the Yoruba religion of Nigeria with Roman Catholicism and native Indian traditions. [2] [16], During the April 2015 General Conference, Monson—then serving as the church's president—announced the church's intention to build a temple in Port-au-Prince. The official state religion is Catholicism, but over the last four decades Protestant missionary activity has reduced the proportion of people who identify themselves as Catholic from over 90 percent in 1960 to less than 70 percent in 2000. Its sacred texts include the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament (or the Christian Gospels). According to the Catholic Church in Haiti, the 10 dioceses of the two ecclesiastical provinces of Haiti include 251 parishes and about 1,500 Christian rural communities. Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. Alawi faith: Another Shia sect of Islam, the name reflects followers' devotion to the religious authority of Ali. [35], The constitution of Haiti establishes the freedom of religion. Religious Demography The U.S. government estimates the total population at Variants    Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as "Seveners," because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. Many protestant theologies emphasize the primary role of scripture in their faith, advocating individual interpretation of Christian texts without the mediation of a final religious authority such as the Roman Pope. Box 1634, Port-au-Prince, Haiti; (from abroad) 3400 Port-au-Prince, State Department, Washington, DC 20521-3400 FAX: [509] 229-8028 Flag description : This entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide, and its distinguishing feature is its reverence for Ali as an infallible, divinely inspired leader, and as the first Imam of the Muslim community after Muhammad. [2] Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it may form one-third of the population today, as Protestant churches have experienced significant growth in recent decades. Explore the latest news and statistics on religion in Haiti, including demographics, restrictions and more. [4], The CIA Factbook reports that around 28.5% of the population is Protestant (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5% other 0.7%). It also triggered a massive cholera outbreak that devastated the population and the country is still rebuilding from the severity of the damage. Government officials claim that they are working with the Vodou community to establish a certification process for their clergy in order to resolve this issue. It encompasses several forms or denominations which are extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to state, clergy, and governance. Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. Zoroastrianism - Originating from the teachings of Zoroaster in about the 9th or 10th century B.C., Zoroastrianism may be the oldest continuing creedal religion. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. In regard to religion it is usually characterized as neither a belief nor non belief in a deity. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003 Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. It is a creolized religion forged by descendants of Dahomean, Kongo, Yoruba, and other African ethnic groups who had been enslaved and brought to colonial Saint-Domingue and Christianized by Roman Catholic missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. [33] Bigio's father first settled in Haiti in 1925 and was active in the Jewish community. Divine revelation of principles and prohibitions in the Hebrew Scriptures form the basis of Jewish law, or halakhah, which is a key component of the faith. Jainism - Originating in India, Jain spiritual philosophy believes in an eternal human soul, the eternal universe, and a principle of "the own nature of things." A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid. Alawites are a closed, secretive religious group who assert they are Shia Muslims, although outside scholars speculate their beliefs may have a syncretic mix with other faiths originating in the Middle East. Vodou encompasses several different traditions, and consists of a mix encompassing African, European and indigenous Taíno religious elements. African Ethnic Groups in Haiti A large percentage of Haitians are of African descent. Catholicism became the official religion of Haiti from 1697 after the French took over the Western half of the island, and it remained the official religion until 1985. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. Orthodox Christianity: The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs). In a speech in the capital of Port-au-Prince, he criticized the government of Jean-Claude Duvalier. Islam - The third of the monotheistic Abrahamic faiths, Islam originated with the teachings of Muhammad in the 7th century. Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope. The last Jewish wedding to take place in Haiti occurred 10 years ago; Bigio's daughter, while the last bris was done for his son, more than 30 years ago. [26] Following their arrival the first Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assembly of Haiti was formed in 1942 in Port-au-Prince. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle. Rastafarian: an afro-centrist ideology and movement based on Christianity that arose in Jamaica in the 1930s; it believes that Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930-74, was the incarnation of the second coming of Jesus. [6], As of 2010, there is a small Islamic community in Haiti of around 4000–5000 Muslims,[22] who mainly reside in Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haïtien and its surrounding suburbs. Local communities have their own religious leadership. In a speech in the capital of Port-au-Prince, he criti… While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. The Shia believe Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, was the only divinely ordained Imam (religious leader), while the Sunni maintain the first three caliphs after Muhammad were also legitimate authorities. Modern Judaism has three basic categories of faith: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform/Liberal. The government has continually failed to recognize marriages performed by Haitian Vodou practitioners, despite it being a registered religion. The majority of Haitians believe in and practice at least some aspects of voodoo. [36], According to the government, Muslims in jail do not reliably have access to halal food and Muslim clergy due to a lack of resources. According to recent estimates by the CIA World Factbook and Pew Research Center, between 55 and 60% of Haitians are Catholics. In April 2016, Pierre-Nau was released and Hubermann Bien-Aimé, a native of Gonaïves,[15] was called to that same quorum. This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Following in this legacy, Catholicism was in the Haitian constitution as its official state religion until 1987. Muslim > Muslim population: Muslim population 2014 Pew Report. Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code. [24] After that others visited until Louis George Gregory visited in January 1937 and he mentions a small community of Baháʼís operating in Haiti. The history of Islam on the island of Hispaniola (which Haiti shares with the Dominican Republic) begins with slavery in Haiti. The constitution of Haiti establishes the freedom of religion and does not establish a state religion, although the Catholic Church receives some preferential treatment. Taoists believe the esoteric world is made up of a perfect harmonious balance and nature, while in the manifest world - particularly in the body - balance is distorted. Religion in Haiti according to the Pew Research Center (2010)[1]. It is believed that the impact of this speech on the Catholic bureaucracy in Haiti contributed to his removal in 1986. The local clergy has 400 diocesan priests and 300 seminarians. [11] As of 2018, the church reported having 46 congregations and more than 23,000 members in Haiti. [citation needed]. Waves of Jews continued to immigrate to the Haiti, including a group of Ashkenazi Jews escaping Hitler's Germany in the 1940s; Haiti was one of the few countries to welcome them openly. They believe that a Kingdom of God, the Theocracy, will emerge following Armageddon and usher in a new earthly society. 42.3% of the total population struggle with access to clean drinking water while at least 72.4% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. Most wealthy students attend college outside of Haiti. Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor. But surveys have found the vast majority of Haitians – regardless of religious affiliation – hold at least some Voodoo beliefs. Africans in Haiti make of 95% of the population, while the other ethnic groups constitute of only 5%. In 2010, Haiti was struck by what has been called the strongest earthquake since 1770. Haiti, for much of its history and including present-day has been prevailingly a Christian country, primarily Roman Catholic, although in some instances it is profoundly modified and influenced through syncretism. Adherents believe that salvation comes through Jesus' death and resurrection, like Christianity, but additionally that living a spiritually pure life following strict codes of conduct is required for salvation. It is more widespread in rural parts of the country, partly due to negative stigmas attached to its practice. Religion Internet & Tech Science Hispanics Global Methods Publications Topics Interactives Data and Resources Our Experts April 2, 2015 Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050 The religious profile of the world is rapidly. Major religion(s): Country major religions. This religious complex is a syncretic mixture of African and Catholic beliefs, rituals, and religious specialists, and its practitioners ( sèvitè ) continue to be members of a Catholic parish. Pope John Paul II visited Haiti in 1983. A certain percentage of the population practices Vodou, mostly along with another religion. Basic Groupings    Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Eighty percent of schools in Haiti are private, and religious groups run many of them. Updated as of 2020. note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003 Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. Capital Port-au-Prince Population (2010) 9,990,000 Annual population growth rate (2000-2010) 1.5% Population gain (2000-2010) The national patron saint of Haiti is Our Mother of Perpetual Help. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population. Mormons have a hierarchical religious leadership structure, and actively proselytize their faith; they are located primarily in the Americas and in a number of other Western countries. Los seguidores del vudú no se perciben a sí mismos como miembros de una religión separada; se consideran católicos romanos. MAP OF HAITI Note: Haiti is divided into 10 departments. Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1% American Samoa Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30% Andorra Roman Catholic (predominant) Angola indigenous beliefs 47 ). Religion News Overview As of 2010, there were 822,720,000 people of all ages living in sub-Saharan Africa. Haiti ranked last for islam > percentage muslim amongst Failed states in 2004. Haitian Protestants are presumably less likely to practice Vodou, as their churches strongly denounce it as diabolical. [6], The Episcopal Diocese of Haiti[7] is the Anglican Communion diocese consisting of the entire territory of Haiti. It emphasizes compassion for all living things, seeks liberation of the human soul from reincarnation through enlightenment, and values personal responsibility due to the belief in the immediate consequences of one's behavior. Vodou, also spelled Voodoo, Voudou, Vodun, or French Vaudou, a religion practiced in Haiti.Vodou is a creolized religion forged by descendants of Dahomean, Kongo, Yoruba, and other African ethnic groups who had been enslaved and brought to colonial Saint-Domingue (as Haiti was known then) and Christianized by Roman Catholic missionaries in the 16th and 17th centuries. While Catholicism has not been the state religion since 1987, a 19th-century concordat with the Holy See continues to confer preferential treatment to the Catholic Church, in the form of stipends for clergy and financial support to churches and religious schools. In 2000, Nawoon Marcellus, a member of Fanmi Lavalas from Saint-Raphaël, became the first Muslim elected to the Chamber of Deputies of Haiti. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. [13], At the church's April 2009 General Conference, Fouchard Pierre-Nau, a native of Jérémie, was called as an area seventy in the church's Fourth Quorum of the Seventy,[14] the most prominent church position ever held by a Haitian. Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. [36], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html, Site Web Officiel de l'Eglise de Haïti - L'épiscopat, The Episcopal Church, Baptized Members by Province & Diocese: 1998-2008, "From Slave Revolt to a Blood Pact with Satan: The Evangelical Rewriting of Haitian History", "Members Sustain 11 New General Authorities", "Groundbreaking Held for Port-au-Prince Haiti Temple", "New Temple President Called to Serve in Haiti", "Supplement to Annual Report of the National Spiritual Assembly 1941-42", "Central America, Mexico and the Antilles", "Does Gilbert Bigio make Israel look good? Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. In modern Islam, Sunnis and Shia continue to have different views of acceptable schools of Islamic jurisprudence, and who is a proper Islamic religious authority. During the season of Lent, Vodou societies create parading musical bands for a festival called Rara, and fulfill religious obligations in local spaces such as streams, rivers, and trees. Although Haiti’s official language is French, the country is not considered a Francophone nation, since most of the population speaks Creole, rather than French. The historical background is very much due to the French influence brought about through the newly conquered territories. Their scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib - also known as the Adi Granth - is considered the living Guru, or final authority of Sikh faith and theology. Before the 2010 earthquake, the United Nations estimated there were 430,000 orphans. Roman Catholicism is the official religion of Haiti, but voodoo may be considered the country's national religion. De hecho, la palabra para vudú ni siquiera existe en las zonas rurales de Haití. [36], Protestant and Catholic clergy have reported good relations with the government. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses. On 12 January 2010, Haiti was struck by a magnitude 7.0 earthquake that left up to 85,000 people dead and around 1.6 million homeless. [25] The first long term pioneers, Ruth and Ellsworth Blackwell, arrived in 1940. Prior to the spread of Islam, Zoroastrianism dominated greater Iran. The majority of Haitians believe … [34] Every Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, services are held at his residence. Basic Groupings    Catholicism (or Roman Catholicism): This is the oldest established western Christian church and the world's largest single religious body. [32], There is a group of Judaism predominantly residing in Port-au-Prince, where the community today meets at the home of businessman billionaire Gilbert Bigio, a Haitian of Syrian descent. It is the largest diocese in the Episcopal Church (United States), with 83,698 members reported in 2008. Other variants on Protestant Christianity, including Pentecostal movements and independent churches, may lack one or more of these elements, and their leadership and beliefs are individualized and dynamic. [18] In anticipation of the temple's completion, Fritzner and Gina Joseph were called in August 2018 as the first president and matron of the temple. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity. The impact of a magnitude 7.0 earthquake on January 12, 2010 affected Haiti's capital and nearby towns and killed up to 230,000 people. Damages and losses were evaluated at around US$8 billion or 120 percent of GDP. The largest Christian denomination in the country is Roman Catholicism, which is estimated to be about 55 percent of the population according to the 2018 CIA World Factbook,[2] and 57 percent according to the Pew Research Center. Most voodooists believe that their religion can coexist with Catholicism. The same percentage (13%) has sent or received email about the disaster while 6% have sent or received text messages about Haiti. Les autres religions se répartissent comme suit : Selon des sources protestantes, le protestantisme haïtien avoisinerait les 50 % en 2016, tout en étant parti de 1,5 % en 193012. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia. Sikhism emphasizes equality of humankind and disavows caste, class, or gender discrimination. Sikhs follow the teachings of Nanak and nine subsequent gurus. Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. Tragically, the business of religion is getting a lot of trade today." [3] According to recent estimates by the CIA World Factbook and Pew Research Center, between 55 and 60% of Haitians are Catholics. The Catholic Church also retains the right to appoint certain amounts of clergy in Haiti without the government's consent. Following in this legacy, Catholicism was in the Haitian constitution as its official state religion until 1987. According to the government, this was due to not having received necessary financial documentation as part of the registration process. [10] In September 2012, the third and fourth Haitian stakes were created. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment. Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Taking a page out of the Gospel of Pat Robertson, Chibly Langlois, Haiti’s first Roman Catholic cardinal revealed the “big social problem” in Haiti: Vodou. Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country. The Latin Rite is by far the largest, making up about 98% of Catholic membership. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Hindus may worship one or many deities, usually with prayer rituals within their own home. Major religion(s) : Country major religions. Haitian Catholics had idiosyncratic ideas about Jews, stemming from Catholic anti-Judaism, although many Vodou practitioners imagined themselves to be the descendants of Jews and to hold esoteric Judaic knowledge. [9], Missionary work in Haiti by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began in May 1980[10] and the land was dedicated for the preaching of the gospel by Thomas S. Monson, then a member of the church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, on 17 April 1983. 30–35% of Haitians practice Protestantism (mostly Pentecostalism). 42.3% of the total population struggle with access to clean drinking water while at least 72.4% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan. Islam also has an active mystical branch, Sufism, with various Sunni and Shia subsets. Mormonism believes earlier Christian traditions, such as the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant reform faiths, are apostasies and that Joseph Smith's revelation of the Book of Mormon is a restoration of true Christianity. [5] Other sources put the Protestant population higher than this, suggesting that it might have formed form one-third of the population in 2001. The United States is the top global destination for Haitian migrants, who left Haiti in the wake of political instability and a series of natural disasters, including a 2010 earthquake that devastated the country. HAITI 2 International Religious Freedom Report for 2018 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Section I. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Haiti is famous for its popular religion, known to its practitioners as "serving the lwa " but referred to by the literature and the outside world as voodoo ( vodoun ). Il existe une petite communauté musulmane en Haïti, résidant principalement à Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haïtien et ses banlieues environnantes. The Baháʼí Faith in Haiti begins with a mention by `Abdu'l-Bahá, then head of the religion, in 1916 as one of the island countries of the Caribbean being among the places Baháʼís should take the religion to. Most Haitians are Roman Catholic, while a growing number claim to be Protestant (estimates range from 20 to 30 percent). teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Shamanistic beliefs are organized around a shaman or medicine man who - as an intermediary between the human and spirit world - is believed to be able to heal the sick (by healing their souls), communicate with the spirit world, and help souls into the afterlife through the practice of entering a trance. Similar to the rest of Latin America, Saint-Domingue was built up by Roman Catholic European powers such as the Spanish and the French. [20], The CIA World Factbook reports that 2.1% of the population identifies its religion as Vodou, but adds that "many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism". Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews expensive ceremonies and temples and relocates the primary practices into the home. Many Muslims were imported as slaves to Haiti. Vodou, a religion practiced in Haiti. Islam derives from the word submission, and obedience to God is a primary theme in this religion. More than six-in-ten people in the region are Christians (63%), and three-in-ten are Muslims (30%). Confucianism has strongly influenced the culture and beliefs of East Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Bigio owns the only Torah in all of the country, which he provides to the community for services. Mormonism (including the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints): Originating in 1830 in the United States under Joseph Smith, Mormonism is not characterized as a form of Protestant Christianity because it claims additional revealed Christian scriptures after the Hebrew Bible and New Testament.