Ozone, contributes 3-7% 7. Additional effects of increasing temperatures on human health include, inter alia, heat stress, heat exhaustion and dehydration (. Changes in temperature and precipitation levels, as well as extreme climate events (drought and floods) have caused forest die-back, conversion of forests to grasslands/steppes/deserts and increased the spread of invasive species/insect pests. Shan and Rakhine States are experiencing malaria outbreaks. These changes can be due to: (a) Natural variations e.g. The meeting was said to be pivotal in the development of the strategy. Water vapor, contributes (36-72%) 4. Salinization is also a threat in coastal areas. Originally submitted as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, or INDCs, these become binding Nationally Determined Contributions when a … The predicted increase in droughts and extreme temperatures will increase evapotranspiration from the canopy of trees, causing increased moisture stress. The rise in temperature in Myanmar is expected to have negative impacts on agricultural production and food security. Myanmar will be part of the climate change solution at the UN Climate Action Summit being held in New York on Monday. According to the Global Climate Risk Index, Myanmar ranks among the top three countries most affected by weather related events, which has led to massive displacement of people and the destruction of livelihoods, crops and other food sources. It left 138,373 dead and affected a further 2.4 million people. Climate change, disaster risk reduction and resilience in southeast Myanmar, Vereniging ActionAid International RSIN number: 813342211 Registration number: 27264198. Unsustainable agricultural practices and encroachment on forested areas (for example through slash and burn) have major environmental implications. The progressive melting of glaciers may have an impact on the Himalayan region of Myanmar which provides large quantities of water to many parts of Myanmar. 15/10/2018 Myanmar is highly vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather conditions. From July to October 2011, heavy rain and flooding in the Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Rakhine Regions/States resulted in losses of approximately1.7 million tons of rice. Transport infrastructure may be affected by cyclones and floods. Carbon dioxide, contributes 9-26% 5. Major cities like Yangon can also expect greater risk of flooding. Climate induced disasters severely impact livestock: cyclones cause losses in livestock populations, while extreme high temperatures lead to pests and disease outbreaks such as foot and mouth disease (NAPA, 2012). Average temperatures in Southeast Asia have risen every decade since 1960. In coastal areas, small and large towns and villages are already suffering from coastal erosion, increased risk of floods, storm-surges, salinization of water resources for drinking and peri-urban agriculture. For example, if climate change is a highly political issue, it may be useful to steer the conversation towards observed and projected changes for specific endpoints of concern (e.g., changes in 25-year storm event or the intensity of brief downpours) or green infrastructure's cobenefits to a community's livability and economic vitality. The country is undergoing change on multiple fronts, with pressures arising from internal reforms, economic liberalization and global trends, including climate change. Increasing temperatures and erratic precipitation patterns will create favourable conditions for the spread of infectious diseases. Nitrous Oxide 8. The NDCs spell out the actions countries intend to take to address climate change – both in terms of adaptation and mitigation. 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