The average yearly rainfall ranged from twenty to fifty inches, with the majority coming during the winter months. Regions around the Pindus Mountains experience frigid cold winters with snow due to their proximity to the towering mountains. The only minority officially recognized by the Greek government is a religious minority, the Muslim minority of Thráki (Thrace), whose existence was acknowledged in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. Greece is slightly smaller in size than the state of Alabama/USA. Greece – Geography and Climate Greece is a country located in southeastern Europe. Get Free Access See Review Lesson Planet Agora     Architecture     Greek City States     Climate and Geography     Law Enforcement, Money     Olympics    Traveling Town to Town. This climate occurs at all coastal locations, including Athens, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Crete, the Peloponnese and parts of the Sterea Ellada (Central Continental Grece) region. This icy wind is known as the boreas. In the winter, temperatures again were influenced by the surrounding water. The Greek mainland is extremely mountainous, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. In summer, when the low-pressure belt swings away again, the climate is hot and dry almost everywhere. The mountainous terrain made land travel difficult and contributed to the formation of independent city-states throughout the region. ... Greece has a mild and temperate climate with wet and colder winters and hot and dry summers. View Images. Reptile and marine life have come under increasing pressure, the former by overdevelopment and the latter by exhaustive fishing. According to the dominant ideology of the Greek state, all the people of Greece are, or should be, Greek. Degraded plant associations (areas where the variety and size of species and the density of plant cover are reduced) and soil erosion are common. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. Athens has a typical Meditteranean climate, which means hot and dry summers and mild winters. Greece is a country with soaring mountains and a beautiful coast, a perfect destination to travel and explore. Geography - note: strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands Climate: Greece has mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Forests and scrub are found at the highest elevations; black pine forests cover Mount Ólympos. They were traders 3. The peninsula of ancient Greece had a Mediterranean climate. Contact Us:  Suggest a Site - General Comments, See Our New Picture Site Crossroads Home Decor. Facts about Greece Geo Superlatives. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. Northeastern Greece: Makedonía and Thráki. In terms of human geography, Greece can be described as “classical Mediterranean” and “Balkan.” History, rather than the physical environment , accounts for the variations in settlement patterns, social composition , and demographic trends that cannot be explained by differentiating between “Old Greece” and the territories annexed in the early 20th century. The country is mostly sunny throughout the year. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Greek Climate and Physical Geography. The country is situated on the Balkan peninsula. Few populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but snow is commonly found on the highest peaks. Greek expatriate communities play a distinctive role in Europe, North and South America, Australia, and South Africa. The climate in Ancient Greece generally featured hot summers and mild winters. As a result, the existence of ethnic and national diversity in the country has remained a sensitive issue. Low Temp: 44 °F. Ancient Greece Geography and Economy Ancient Greece climate Greece has a a climate similar to ours. The east of the Pindus mountain range is generally drier and windier in summer. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. They were sailors The mountains in Greece did not have fertile soil good for growing crops, like in Mesopotamia, but the mild climate allowed for some farming. Winter is milder to the south. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In winter the belt of low-pressure disturbances moving in from the North Atlantic Ocean shifts southward, bringing with it warm, moist, westerly winds. Its summers were hot and dry. The subtle but complex vegetation mosaic is a product of the climatic effects of elevation, the contrast between north and south, local relief, and eight or nine millennia of human settlement and land use. NOW 50% OFF! Located in southern Europe, Greece is made up of the mainland and hundreds of small islands spread throughout the Ioanian, Aegean, and Mediterranean Seas. To experience our website correctly you must enable Javascript , or alternatively switch to a widely supported modern browser such as Google Chrome . Geography has always had a great influence on Greece and its inhabitants. Ancient Greek mosaic showing the sea god Poseidon riding two dolphins. Please see Pictures Galleries for Royalty Free images for Educational uses. 1. They raised sheep … Photograph by F8grapher, Dreamstime Temperatures averaged about 75° F in summer. Copyright © 2000-2019 All Rights Reserved History Source LLC. Greece typically experienced a large amount of sunny days during the year. The average July sea-level temperature approaches 80 °F (27 °C), although heat waves can push the temperature well above 100 °F (38 °C) for a day or so. 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