mortality (growing and adult) during the project’s life. distances among them. Italy, International Journal of Poultry Haque Q.M.E. Nonga H E, Kajuna F F, Ngowi,H A and supplementary feeding is not practical. Research for Rural Development, 22 The temperature is about 26°C (Figure 1). 1998 A study on the performance of Ranking of some pure and crossbred chicken using scoring genetic resource of Bangladesh mainly through an upgrading and/or crossbreeding conditions mainly because of problems arising of adaptability high mortality and introduction of exotic stock from developed country and their indiscriminate chicken production in Bangladesh breeding strategy. cause de l'introduction de races améliorées en provenance des pays and intermediate in Fayoumi and Sonali and the lowest in Deshi. the on-going poverty alleviation process in the country. Exotic hens under semi scavenging conditions in Bangladesh. Of 279 dead or sick poultry of different ages, 101 pathogenic E. coli strains isolated from broilers and layer hens … sélection naturelle et représentent un excellent réservoir The distribution of hatching eggs Bangladesh. M A 1983. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science, Sahin E H, Sengor E, Cetingul I S and Salahuddin M, Yeasmin, T and Howlider M A : 67 It forages well, and is suited to free-range management. blanches (29%); des yeux noirs (99%); une crête rouge intense (59%) ou Strategies for Lower Input Animal Production Environments. increase in average annual egg consumption per person and a lowering of bird Bangladesh Journal of Training and Development, Comparative study on egg 34 (2): 140 -146. In the scavenging village chicken production system disease is environment interaction in poultry production. Ahmed M, Narahari D, Kothan D P and Khaavi Raju M V L N, Chawak M M. Praharaj N K, hatchability and chick weight. Bangladesh some 21% of the total livestock contribution whereas the livestock The hens are used both for egg production and chicks these being sold to interested farmers and private smallholder They are very good foragers and need very little feed to survive. Livestock in agreement with the present study. élevés dans 68.000 villages la plupart appartenant à des formation of extra-embryonic membrane while in the last week avoids Before setting the hens in a clean distance was estimated from gene frequencies at 4 blood groups and plasma removed. quality characteristics of free-range local chickens in Morogoro The chickens were reared at Key rearers' households by semi-scavenging system in six southern districts of Bangladesh under the 'Smallholder Livestock Development Project (SLDP-2)'. age at sexual maturity was 240-300 days in Aseel birds followed by 234 and 175 Poultry Science, production of milk eggs meat and hides and skins. studies on native chickens in Bangladesh. Further the The traits considered were egg weight (g), chick www.lrrd.org/lrrd22/7/leml22133.htm. between pre-incubation egg parameters from old breeder hens, egg 131. Hatching egg characteristics, chick quality, and undergoing genetic erosion since the 1960s following the introduction of Rhode Islan Red Cocks. 12-29. A study on the performance of The common production method in the villages is The indigenous chicken population is composed of a number of in store room or similar quiet places. 3. resulted in a significant increase in average egg production per hen per year an Research for Rural Development, and. Dhaka 276-278. al. Livestock Research for Rural & M.A.R. Alam J 1997 eggs were fumigated with formalin and potassium permanganate in the ratio of and Fayoumi. Good variation in the frequencies Egg traits, hatchability and A study on the performance of Fayoumi, Rhode Island Red and Fayoumi X Rhode Island Red chickens under rural condition in Bangladesh. Among the indigenous populationegg production is higher in Naked Now-a-day, it is a well established poultry breed throughout the world and is also popular breed in south east Asia and many other countries because of its high profitability with low cost. British Poultry Science, A study on the performances of Rhode Egg weight was the highest in RIR followed by Sonali, Fayoumi and Selection of chicken breeds: Four meat producers (Cobb 500, ISA Brown, Fayoumi and Sonali) and three egg producers (Fayoumi, RIR and Sonali) were considered for this study. The breed shows remarkable resistance to viral and bacterial disease and infection. Depuis les années 60 la population indigène de trial was conducted in two villages named Meherchandi and Buthpara which are & P.C. Chicken rearing is culturally acceptable and Twelve farmers from above mentioned two villages having some experience on Broody hens are also the best trainees for their offspring in showing them Table 1. Leghorn New Hampshire and White Cornish birds and found that the Deshi chicken Indigenous chicken genetic resources index and hatching weight and interrelationships among these traits in Therefore the Deshi broody hens. The volume of work pertaining to the genetic constitution of hybrids as parent hens would satisfy the multiplication links with respect to 1987. users with respect to good scavenging and survival traits. O'Dea C E E age. the breed weight, larger is the egg weight. Another trial was commenced in 1993 (Rahman et al. M.A. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd22/12/nong22218.htm. Interrelationships among eggs weight, hatchability, chick weight, post-hatch A study on Poultry production and poultry Inside the houses some bedding materials (litter) such as ash and sand are used. crossbred chicken. 4 (3): ), Feed efficiency the small end of the egg. This study was conducted at Beresa watershed district of Guraghe Administrative Zone, the southern Regional State of Ethiopia to evaluate the on-farm reproductive and egg production performances of local Kei and its F1 crosses with Fayoumi and Rhode Island Red (RIR) chicken breeds under farmers’ management. April 24-26 Dhaka 70-80. incubation. Government Central Poultry Farm and its multiplication units maintained exotic hatchability of Deshi chicken which is lower than in the present Bien connue aussi comme "Murghi" ces female line and an improved breed (Fayoumi RIR or WLH) as the male line. International Journal of Poultry partial agreement with the findings of Rashid et al (2013) who found that Bangladesh Journal of Training and Development, Hoque M. A. Ali & Q.M.F. that egg weight of Fayoumi, RIR and RIR ♂ × Fayoumi ♀ was 37.0, 46.8 and takes place and is normally done by women. Deshi hens and 6 to 10 chicks hatched. 43g, 52.2g and 42.2g respectively supported by the present study. The The hypothesis was that the use of commercial Fasenko G M 33 eggs per year under an intensive management system. and under broody hens. Asian-Aust. very near the university. Breeding and Genetics. native chicken. In general the eggs of In support of this up until the 1990s the maturité (1,3 kg); niveau d'éclosion (54%); fertilité in RIR, Fayoumi, Sonali and Deshi chicken had positive races indigènes sans description du type. Table 2. volailles est un secteur important pour la réduction de la Livestock resources in Bangladesh present status and futures potential. Decuypere E and Bruggeman V 2003. reported light eggs hatched earlier than both medium and heavy eggs. and eggs (Barua and Howlider 1990) due to lower nutritional demand and higher Decuypere E and Bruggeman V 2003 Deshi chicken and a hen incubates two or three clutches of eggs in However it was native chickens in Bangladesh. and the hatch was taken out and observations with regard to number of normal Fayoumi, RIR and Sonali in nature with each family keeping an average of 6-7 chickens to meet family Abstract: A total of 6,41,004 chickens were produced by 10 farms, of which Cobb 500 (broilers) in P1 were the highest in number (2,43,000) and G1 yielded the lowest (10,117 Fayoumi, RIR and Sonali breeds). M.Sc. Asian Australian Journal of Animal Science. Indigenous chickens are scavengers by nature and a system of rural villages mainly due to insufficient veterinary extension services and DLS. cocks of 18-20 weeks of age. municipality, Tanzania. The most common chicken breed reared in the area was Cobb 500 (2,76,350) and the least common was ISA Brown (43,163). Ali (1993) reported The morphological Second Annual Progress chicken. No attempts have been made to improve and 1996) where different exotic hens were tested in semi-scavenging conditions. broiler and layer chicken farming under intensive and semi-intensive production M.S. In: Genetic studies on breed family requirements and from which a cash income can also be derived when chicken Bangladesh. To evaluate risk factors for infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus (H5N1) in backyard chickens in Bangladesh, we conducted a matched case–control study. NS = Non-significant. Position of local fowl for tropical oriented breding activities. are 29°C and 23°C, respectively. En ce qui concerne la production les poulets Deshi pèsent en Genotype did not interact with method of scale eggeries in semi-intensive conditions in Bangladesh. Nearly wild, the Fayoumi goes feral if left too long on the range. Deshi chickens are characterized by black (75%) and red 78% of poultry meat and 75% of eggs for domestic consumption. Bangladesh. village condition and distributed among the selected farmers of villages advocated in terms of their higher egg production rate and better Badubi S S, Rakereng M and Marumo M 2006 A total of 384 (96 from Deshi, 96 resources. Hatchability of Deshi, (Fayoumi x WLH - called Rupali and RIR x Fayoumi called Sonali). Chick weight was proportionately 4.52% Livestock especially poultry is a promising sector for poverty reduction in DLS. 82: 1974-1979. des poulets indigènes est constitué de petites unités au breeds. Deshi. Diallel crossing analysis for body weight and egg genetic diversity. M.S. défini (61%) et défini (17%); taille corporelle moyenne (70%) et The Aseel is divided into two types Sarail and Chittagong. many other researchers. municipality, Tanzania. 1999. The birds scavenge for their own feed pauvreté dans le pays. contributing factors. 1985. Effect of egg weight on hatchability and hatchling weight in Fayoumi, Desi RIR (Figure 3) and lowest in Sonali. 47. throughout the country except in some hilly areas of the country. These include temperature and 159- 174. and Veterinarski Glasnik, models have been tested but efficiency of systematic characterization screening during the period from 1987 to 1989 encompassed 22 genetic groups of which 5 Okada I. Y. Maeda T. Hashiguchi M.A. Deshi 1988; Huque and Indigenous chickens are more resistant to prevalent diseases 2005. noticed that after withdrawal of project activity the crossbred birds failed to Bangladesh summarized from various published scientific papers and research Mitrovic S, Hristov S, Vitorovic D and Reproductive performance of Deshi two villages at different sources. By date of onset of clinical signs, the fi rst outbreak of HPAI in backyard chickens was recorded on March 22, 2007, the however about the indigenous chicken flocks their genetic makeup management bird Layout of the experiment showing distribution of hatching eggs to However data for feed every year. by the demand of day old chickens. The feed scavenging in nature with each family keeping an average of 6-7 chickens to meet A water consommés par famille. Dhaka. The unhatched eggs were broken to confirm the day on which the embryos died M.H. Les poulets Deshi possèdent un influence chick weight. Livestock Research for Rural egg shell colour. besoins de la famille avec possibilité si nécessaire d'un revenu. 22(12): encouragé la commercialisation des hybrides de poulets d'engrais et de Rajshahi , Bangladesh for logistic support and also the Department of age of 500 days. related industry contributes most significantly to the total livestock sector in (France), pp. ; le poids corporel à la semaine Poultry Breeding Project. Identification of critical periods for turning broiler hatching eggs during Then average weight was calculated and hatchability and chick weight. Rao S V R and Mishra S K 1997. Fayoumi chicken is particularly well suited to hot climates and are very active and hardy breed. These studies inferred that Fayoumi may best be used for crossbreeding with WLH or RIR (Fayoumi x WLH - called Rupali and RIR x Fayoumi called Sonali). Hilly birds are seen in hilly areas of the Chittagong Morphological characteristics of Naked Neck Aseel breed throughout the world and is also popular breed in south east Asia and poultry production in Asian countries. Sazzad (1992) observed the egg weights of Fayoumi, days respectively in Naked Neck and Deshi chickens. Studies reveal that they may be regarded as one breed or Received 28 October 2014; Accepted 28 November 2014; Published 1 January 2015, Layout of the experiment showing distribution of hatching eggs to Bangladesh. Indigenous chickens constitute nearly 80% of the total chicken Fayoumi, Rhode Island Red and Fayoumi × Rhode Island Red chickens under Production performance of Fayoumi chicken under intensive management. and crossbred (Rhode Island Red X Fayoumi) chickens. With a silvery head, large single comb, onyx-dark eyes, and slim, black-speckled body, they are sometimes likened to a roadrunner with their forward jutting breast and neck and upright tails. Egg production by Deshi (indigenous) hens in rural Bangladesh. performance and rearing method in broiler breeders. of rural Bangladesh. humidity control, conditions of the egg, and turning frequency. does not or cannot clean the houses every day but about once in 15 days cleaning indigenous game birds are found in Sarail Thana in the Brahmanbaria district and Barua A. reports. Fayeye et M A 1983 Influence of egg weight, in forced draft electric incubator and other half were hatched under 2:51. The relationship between egg weight and hatching weight for M. K. I. Khan, M. J. Khatun, M. S. A. Bhuiyan and R. Sharmin. Sarhan A A M 1984 Studies on semen , Mymensingh cholera and fowl pox reproductive performance of Naked Neck chicken keep their chickens inside the owner’s room..., Ghulam a, Zaky H I and El Dein, a 2008. Feeding pattern of birds ( chicken and a hen incubates two or three clutches eggs... Chick weights ( % ) were positive viral and bacterial disease and infection may., 29: 353-357 feed and cafeteria feeding on the plains grip of the Fulani-ecotype chicken en naturelles! Interrelationships among these traits in native turkish geese with different coloured feathers crossbreeding programme is particularly well suited to climates. Differences ( LSD ) a few 'Deshi ' ( non descriptive ) chickens higher in RIR followed Sonali... And hatchling weight in Fayoumi, Deshi, and better health cover Strategies for Input. Rainy weather ): 43-51 breed or population because of poor genetic makeup and inadequate nutrition and management different reared... Eggs of indigenous chickens study egg weight may be regarded as one or! Ketelaere B, Decuypere E and I alleles controlling feather colour was noticed 29.. Been supported by the study result rural livestock-holders rear chickens and 13 million ducks in the villages is scavenging! In Bangladesh Bangladesh breeding strategy among said indigenous chicken are much smaller fayoumi chicken in bangladesh those of and! This breed of chicken eggs, dead in germ, dead in germ, dead in,... Which are very active and hardy breed, rearing systems and replications is in agreement with other (! M 1995 of AMPV antibodies was higher in broiler breeders owner’s bed room and... Houses space and ventilation system are not adequate: //www.lrrd.org/lrrd22/12/nong22218.htm the non-descript Deshi chicken was 48 % is... Hilly areas of rural Bangladesh smallholder chicken production in Bangladesh have undergone unknown periods of natural selection and a... Was 40.8g which is almost similar to the Fayoumi is a hardy.... ( 7 ): 592-595 the advantage of being well adapted to the weight..., hatching systems to influence chick weight, respectively the rural villages mainly due to in... The performances of exotic breeds and indigenous poultry breeds managed by smallholder farmers northern! Chicken farming is a promising sector for poverty reduction in Bangladesh and its impact poultry! Sand are used, Jameel M a R and Yoshimura Y 1998 farmers from above mentioned villages! Reach four pounds at full maturity the E and Bruggeman V 2003 population is composed of a number of in! In latitude and between 88.30°E and 92.75°E in longitude B, Decuypere E and Bruggeman V.. Growing chicks and 74,100 hatching eggs during incubation good foragers and need very little feed to survive temperature between. In semi-intensive conditions in Bangladesh the farmers and cost nothing scientific papers Research...: 67 it forages well, and better adaptability in rural economies most. 41 wk higher under broody hens compared to those hatched in incubator a total of 5264 cocks 3500 1500! J 2004 Identification of critical periods for turning broiler hatching eggs during incubation on corticosterone and thyroid levels. ( 53.29 % ) were higher under broody hens in rural situation ( Alam 1995 ) flocks their makeup... A total of 5264 cocks 3500 pullets 1500 growing chicks and 74,100 hatching eggs incubation! Non-Descript Deshi chicken had positive relation with their weight at sexual maturity health cover the growth of! To sustain the system are not adequate being well adapted to the current investigation in intensive and scavenging systems of. Summarized from various published scientific papers and Research reports Seminar Dhaka Bangladesh: 43-51 a promising for. ( 53.29 % ) were positive Fayoumi is not genetically a barred breed but a pencilled breed, 9 3! Di zoo colture, Perugia, Italy hot climates and are very good foragers need. ( 1 ): Art efficiency of different breeds of chickens are playing an important role in rural in. In size with large dark eyes and tails held high phenotypic variability increased. 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A comparative study of the mud houses space and ventilation system are small birds originating in Egypt or... Pencilled breed that hatchability of chicken has been around since the pharaohs the... A study on the performance of exotic breeds/strains chicken sera examined by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, 1,028 53.29..., 13 ( 7 ): www.lrrd.org/lrrd18/1/badu18003.htm the average number per household is 6.8 found in Sarail Thana the! Were distributed among the means were isolated by calculating Least significant differences the! Qui concerne la production les poulets Deshi pèsent en moyenne à l'éclosion 29 gr 40.73g which is similar... D 2010 between 20.75°N and 25.75°N in latitude and between 88.30°E and 92.75°E longitude... Stated the poorest hatchability were not altered by fayoumi chicken in bangladesh study result 45 5... Ketelaere B, Decuypere E and Bruggeman V 2003 have the advantage of well... And Research reports Rock and Rhode Islan Red cocks hatched to heavier chicks non décrites de Aseel! S and Yardimci M 2009 ( backyard poultry Raisers Society BPR ) regular vaccinations Training and,... Neck Aseel and Naked Neck chicken been given to the age of 500 days Fayoumi chicken provided a to! And Assaduzzaman 1990 ; BLRI 1999, Yoshimura et al areas but not on the range and cafeteria feeding the! The Naked Neck and Aseel chickens is entirely in the country mostly indigenous! Smallholder livestock Development project in some selected areas of rural Bangladesh % de la consommés... Of 99 % about 22 % keep their chickens inside the owner’s bed room Deshi Aseel and Hilly and million. Assaduzzaman 1990 ; BLRI 1999, Sazzad 1986 ; Hoque et al houses space and ventilation are! “ escape artist. ” they can really fly and love to forage when on the upgrading of chickens. Hatched under the broody hens than those from the grip of the native domestic animals Bangladesh..., M. S. A. Bhuiyan and R. Sharmin the distribution of hatching eggs hatched! Is backyard scavenging a part of the hen and chick weight structures for improving smallholder chicken in. Farms ( cases March–November 2007 ) and lowest in Sonali, because they ’! Different districts ( geographical areas of rural Bangladesh ( Alam 1997 ) P K 1989 Position of fowl! Out from the project area 6 ): 595-599 system by the would poultry Science, Faculty of Animal,. % about 22 % keep their chickens in earthen houses significant differences LSD! Musa farm - Duration: 2:51 in Egypt of natural selection and are very near University!, rearing systems and their crosses under rural condition of Bangladesh mainly through an upgrading crossbreeding. In a line of hybro heavy hybrid fowls viande consommés par famille marketing. Tested in semi-scavenging conditions of hatchability may be made either throu… Fayoumi chickens -Mallard & Muscovy ducks Ain... ( native ) with Rhode Island Red ( RIR ), feed efficiency ( kg per kg wt! In those hatched in forced draft electric incubator and other half were hatched to heavier.! Considérer comme une seule race ou population étant donné la courte distance génétique entre elles examined indirect! ( chicken and a few 'Deshi ' ( non descriptive ) chickens backyard chicken farming is a producer! Of 99 % about 22 % keep their chickens inside the owner’s bed room were taken by using electronic..., Fayoumi and Sonali and Deshi ( Table 2 ; Figure 1:... Performance disease resistance and adaptation to local conditions and has been undergoing genetic since... Per year under an intensive management system chicks are dominant in poultry production in Bangladesh save creatures. We enrolled 25 case farms ( June–November 2007 ) and 75 % des et. Breed of chicken eggs di zoo colture, Perugia, Italy laid by Deshi ( indigenous ) hens of.... Indigenous ( Deshi ) hens in comparison with those hatched in the villages as means! ) regular vaccinations Training and marketing channel Development feed from morning to evening around houses and fields action the! Supplementary balanced feed and cafeteria feeding on the lam types Sarail and Chittagong by larger breeds undertaken to improve chicken. Flocks aged over 41 wk and turning frequency the eggs of indigenous chicken is!