In addition, we can say that it is a flat and straight highway bordered by … Fact Analysis: STSTW Media strives to deliver accurate information through careful research. Pamban bridge: Old bridge with history - See 569 traveler reviews, 554 candid photos, and great deals for Rameswaram, India, at Tripadvisor. Let’s find out why! Built during British rule in India and opened for traffic in 1914, the Pamban Bridge was India’s first sea bridge, and what makes it special are the two spans in the mid portion of the bridge that open like a pair of scissors for ships and vessels to pass … The approximately 2.3-kilometre-long Pamban Bridge is the first ever Indian sea bridge, connecting the port town of Rameswaram on Pamban Island to Mandapam on the Indian mainland in Tamil Nadu. India is a culturally rich country and South India, in particular, is very different from the rest of the nation. Some information about the Pamban Bridge Road description: The Pamban Bridge or Indira Gandhi Road Bridge is a 2.5 kilometers (1.55 miles) long road situated in India. And, what makes this bridge even more wonderful is the fact that it … Also, check out “Puente Nuevo: The Bridge That Spans Across a Gaping Canyon to Join the City of Ronda“. Pamban Bridge A bridge connecting Rameshwaram railway station to main land and can fold itself to let bigger ships pass is a true beauty outlined with mesmerizing view of sea. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Repair and maintenance works had briefly halted railway services to Rameswaram from Tamil Nadu. The Pamban Railway Bridge is the longest and oldest railway bridge in India. Quick History of Pamban Road Bridge After the cyclone of 1964, A plan for a Road bridge parallel to the Existed Railway bridge was proposed by the Tamilnadu Government, but it was cancelled by Indian Railway Ministry. Construction of this bridge was started by British Railways in 1885 and completed in 1912, it took 29 years to complete the project. The engineering marvel has become a tourist attraction of late, which initially was only used by the railways to ply pilgrims to and fro from the holy Hindu town of Rameswaram. It is said that Rama Setu was manually constructed by Lord Rama, employing Lord Hanuman’s Vanar Sena and many other animals to get to Lanka, where Ravana had held his wife Sita captive. Prior to the construction of this line, traffic between India and Ceylon was carried via Tuticorin and Colombo, a … Pamban is the place where Lord Rama has an arrow to the ground so as to get the water to quench Goddess Sita’s thirst. The bridge refers to both the road bridge and the cantilever railway bridge, though primarily it means the latter. Pamban Bridge Rameshwaram is the first sea bridge in India, which extends for two kilometers. Pamban Bridge situated in Tamil Nadu is built over the sea and it is very beautiful to see. The central span of 75-m length is the one that helps ships cross the bridge, ” informs the railway official. The Pamban Bridge a massive structure over the Indian Ocean and the first sea as well as cantilever bridge constructed in India. Pamban bridge is also associated to a legend; it is believed that this bridge has been constructed at a sacred place named Pamban. The viaduct is 6776 feet (2,065 m) long and consists of 145 spans. Pamban Bridge was officially named the Annai Indira Road Bridge. The 6,776 feet tall Pamban Bridge was started on 24 February 1914. The bridge connects Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India. Each case weighs approximately 415 tons. Kindly give us your requirement and our travel expert will help you to plan your tour. Stills from a Pamban Bridge design video courtesy Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) ‘This bridge will have 100 spans of 25 metres each. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The Pamban Bridge is a 6,776-foot railway bridge built on the Palk Strait that connects the Rameshwaram town on Pamban Island to mainland India. Dhanushkodi History The line linked the SIR network in India at Madura by way of the Pamban Viaduct with the Island of Pambam, from where there was a ferry connection to Ceylon.. It is a two-line (one each way) asphalted road. Rameshwaram trip is incomplete without glaring at the beauty of this marvel. Many of the ships and boats use the service to date. The breathtaking view of this bridge in Rameshwaram will leave you amazed, and you will be forced to think about how a city like Rameshwaram can create such an advanced technological monument in such a short period. Pune – Bhimashankar – Shirdi – Shani Shingnapur – Aurangabad – Grishneshwar – Nashik - Trimbakeshwar – Mumbai – Porbandar – Dwarka – Somnath – Mumbai – Indore – Ujjain – Mahakaleshwar - Omkareshwar – Indore – Hyderabad – Srisailam – Hyderabad – Madurai – Rameshwaram – Delhi – Haridwar – Guptkashi – Kedarnath – Guptkashi – Haridwar – Varanasi – Deogarh – Baidyanath – Basuki Nath - Patna. These cookies do not store any personal information. Pamban Railway Bridge is the oldest and the longest railway bridge in India. This 2.06 km long Pamban Bridge … The 6,776 feet tall Pamban Bridge was started on 24 February 1914. You can also see the beautiful scenes of the ocean in its full grandeur from the bridge. Pamban Bridge : (Ramaeshwaram) The Pamban Bridge a massive structure over the Indian Ocean and the first sea as well as cantilever bridge constructed in India. In 1988, a road bridge parallel to the rail bridge was also constructed which is a part of National Highway 4. At the entrance of the Pamban bridge you can see a picture of a weeping man holding some human body parts close to his chest. It is also said that the ghost town of Dhanushkodi, situated in south-eastern Pamban, is where the Rama Setu originates and can be seen from space. It was not damaged even Dhanushkodi cyclone hits. Sitting on an artificial reef, it required nearly 5,000 tonnes of cement, 2,600 tonnes of steel and 98,000 cubic feet of rocks and crushed stones to construct the bridge. A temple commemorates the site. The movable drawbridge on Pamban Bridge. 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However, the plan was only put in motion in the year 1911 and the first ever Indian part-cantilever-part-conventional bridge was opened in the year 1914. As per the Ramayana, it is nothing but Rama Setu, which the future king of Ayodhya had built. The Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge on the Palk Strait which connects the town of Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India. The bridge is solid and strong construction, which can withstand any turbulence, as the cyclone storm in 1964. Pamban bridge: The History unfold - See 569 traveller reviews, 554 candid photos, and great deals for Rameswaram, India, at Tripadvisor. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Pamban Bridge Rameswaram is an engineering master piece built in the year 1914 (24 February). Gandamadana is the tallest. Thiyagarajan P r It is also the location of high-velocity winds, which the historic bridge has withstood for over a century. The mainland end of the bridge is located at 9º16´56.70´N 79º11´20.1212”E to 9.2824167ºN 79.188922556ºE. The Pamban Bridge Rameshwaram is a marvelous structure and is a treat to watch. It is the second longest railway bridge(2km) in India after Vembanad Bridge(4km) in Kochi,Kerala. This bascule feature was one of the firsts for any Indian bridge constructed during the British times. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Pamban bridge: Imagine a railway bridge over the sea which 'opens up' to allow ferry and boat movement! This 100 years old bridge contains 143 pillars, each of which is 220 feet in length and 100 tonnes in weight. The bridge consists of a two-bed bascule section with rolling type of lift spans, which can be raised for movement of ships. In 1988, a road bridge was constructed parallel to the rail bridge. There is now a parallel road bridge across the Palk Strait which is of 1988 origin. The construction works of Pamban Road bridge was commenced on 17.11.1974 by the Indian Highway department. One can reach Rameshwaram by crossing the Pamban Bridge from the train. One can reach Rameshwaram by crossing the Pamban Bridge from the train. Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the Mandapam town in mainland India with Pamban Island and Rameswaram. It is known as Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge. The efforts for built a bridge across Pamban channel (Palk strait) was proposed by 1870’s by british government however the construction of Pamban bridge was commenced on 1911 and commissioned on 1914. The Five Faced Hanuman Temple, Rameshwaram. Pamban railway bridge was the first Indian bridge which is built across the sea. Considered one of the scariest yet most beautiful train travels in the world, made with limited technology available back then, the historical Pamban Bridge is now vying for a UNESCO world heritage tag, which it rightly deserves so. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The view of sea and the bridge brings a calm tone to your mind. Recognized by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India. If you find the above article inaccurate or biased, please let us know at [email protected]. History and technical speciality In the year 1870 the British suggested … These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In the past, it was closed for 85 days, causing a lot of trouble to the people. This was India’s longest sea bridge until the Bandra-worli sea link was opened in year 2010. Built as a part of South Indian Railway project, this bridge is an engineering marvel and was completed in 1911. (ShakthiSritharan / Wikimedia Commons). It is believed that this was the hillock from whose summit Lord Rama observed Sri Lanka and conceived the idea of constructing a bridge between India and Sri Lanka. Falling on the eastern coast of the country, the southernmost state of Tamil Nadu has a unique and first-of-its-kind bridge in India, which till date, not just inspires but also fills every Indian with a sense of pride. India's first & the longest sea bridge till 2010 , was opened in 1914. Pamban Village and Palk Strait History Pamban bridge story is related with Lord Rama. Standing on the Palk Strait between the countries of India and Sri Lanka, The Pamban Bridge is located in one of the most corrosive environments in the world. Though the bridge was constructed at a time when technology was not advanced, it stands out as a fine example of construction. Pamban bridge (on the right) next to the Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge (on the left). barge belonging to the Indian Navy collided, Puente Nuevo: The Bridge That Spans Across a Gaping Canyon to Join the City of Ronda, Rakotzbrücke: ‘The Devil’s Bridge’ which Looks Straight Out of a Fairytale, Dhanushkodi: Where a Cyclone Ripped Apart an Entire South Indian Town, Rendering it Uninhabited, The Egyptian Vultures of Tamil Nadu’s Vedagiriswarar Temple, North Sentinel Island: Home to an Uncontacted, Hostile and Primitive Tribe, Sex in Space – Is It Possible? The place that was once a thriving town in south India with infinite legends to it, has been reduced to ruins and mystic stories today. It is the India’s first sea bridge constructed in Tamil Nadu. More than a hundred years old now, the Pamban Bridge was the only way of getting to Rameswaram, until a parallel road bridge was constructed in 1988, easing transport further. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Pamban Island has a few hillocks and elevated physical features in the vicinity of Rameswaram of which Mt. Earlier, it used to transport hundreds of pilgrims everyday to the temple in the island. Enjoyed this article? The view of the train coming out between the waves of the sea is very exciting. As recently as 2016, the Indian Ministry of Railways has sanctioned approximately 3.5 million US dollars to replace the heavy manually-operated Scherzer spans by a mechanically-operating one. In the year 2013, a barge belonging to the Indian Navy collided with the Pamban Bridge, but thankfully, the damage it had caused was very little. Location of the Bridge. Designed as per the specifications patented by German-origin American engineer William Donald Scherzer, the movable drawbridge or double-leaf bascule bridge can be rolled up vertically to allow movement of … Built as a part of South Indian Railway project, this bridge is an engineering marvel and was completed in 1911. This bridge connects Rameshwaram to other parts of the country. Lined by the blue waters of the ocean and dotted by palm trees, the southern part of India has diverse climatic conditions as compared to the whole of India. Three more sea bridges have come up in and around Mumbai: Bandra, Vashi and Airoli. The Pamban Bridge has as many as 143 fixed spans in total and one pair of navigation spans, on which the concrete railway overpass rests, supporting train movement day in and day out. It is the second-largest sea bridge in the country with a length of 2.3 km. Pamban bridge: Old bridge with history - See 569 traveler reviews, 554 candid photos, and great deals for Rameswaram, India, at Tripadvisor. Story first published: Thursday, December 3, 2020, 12:21 [IST] You can opt to travel either on-road or by train and both ways, the views are splendidly fantastic. Pamban Bridge situated in Tamil Nadu is built over the sea and it is very beautiful to see. It rests on 145 concrete poles and is prone to storms with its sea waves. Completed in a span of fourteen years, the Pamban Bridge once fell into the eye of a storm literally during the 1964 Rameswaram Cyclone. However, things can go wrong. ([email protected] / Wikimedia Commons). Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the Mandapam town in mainland India with Pamban Island and Rameswaram. Pamban Bridge Rameshwaram is the first sea bridge in India, which extends for two kilometers. Six men on each side manually roll up the two spans to clear sea traffic below. The Pamban Bridge Rameshwaram was designed in the year 1913 by Scherzer a German engineer. The Pamban rail bridge is the India’s first cantilever bridge, connecting Rameswaram with the mainland India. This corrosion-causing climate, along with the windy weather, poses a great threat to the structure every now and then, making its maintenance a little too difficult. 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