It squawks and whinnies from thick cover in marshes and ponds from Canada to Chile, peeking in and out of vegetation. Hawaiian Common Gallinule by Michael Walther. Hawaiian common gallinule: Gallinula galeata sandvicensis: 1: 1.3.2.2: Control undesirable plant species. Gallinule definition, any aquatic bird of the family Rallidae, having elongated, webless toes. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; CC-BY-NC-SA. Hawaiian Moorhen: This moorhen is a subspecies of the Common Gallinule. HAWAIIAN GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis) – ‘Alae ‘Ula – (See images below) DESCRIPTION: The Hawaiian Gallinule is generally black, with a little bit of white on the wings and tail underside. Antillean Common Moorhen G. c. cerceris (Bangs, 1910) Known as Florida Gallinule in the USA. To inform these conservation efforts, we examined interisland genetic structure and gene flow within 2 Hawaiian endemic waterbirds, the Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai) and the Hawaiian subspecies of the Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis), using microsatellite and mitochondrial loci. Vulnerable (IUCN Red List). Endangered 'alae 'ula or Hawaiian moorhen (gallinule) rendered in Procreate on iPadPro. Hawaiian Common Moorhen Final MCBH INRMP Update (2017-2021) August 2017 C2-27 COMMON NAME: Hawaiian common moorhen or Hawaiian common gallinule HAWAIIAN NAME: ‘Alae ‘ula SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gallinula galeata sandvicensis LEGAL STATUS: Endangered (Federal and State) APPEARANCE: The Hawaiian common moorhen is black on the top portion of its body with dark For questions or feedback about our college or website, please Contact Us. Photo by Hob Osterlund. The common gallinule (Gallinula galeata) is a bird in the family Rallidae. Hawaiian Gallinule Kauai.jpg 1,234 × 926; 601 KB Hawaiian Moorhen - Huleia NWR.jpg 216 × 189; 53 KB NRCSHI03022 - Hawaii (2109)(NRCS Photo Gallery).jpg 2,100 × 1,500; 4.5 MB Learn a new language today. ABC recently joined with several partner groups to ask Congress to support a new conservation effort in Hawai‘i that would provide increased funding for endangered endemic birds. It numbered about 450 in 1972, five years after the species was listed as … The ‘alae‘ula, or Hawaiian Common Gallinule, is an endangered species, with the global population estimated at 1,000 birds. Human development on its preferred lowland wetland habitats and the introduction of non-native predators are the primary causes of population declines. One of the largest remaining populations of gallinule occurs at Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge on the island of Kauai. In fact, its Hawaiian name, ‘Alae ‘Ula, means “burnt forehead!”, The ‘Alae ‘Ula is one of 12 subspecies of Common Gallinule, which is found worldwide. The Hawaiian subspecies of the Common Gallinule (Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis) is endangered (U.S. The … Together with our partners, we're undertaking many other conservation efforts to help prevent extinction of Hawaiian birds. The Hawaiian common gallinule (‘Alae ‘ula, Gallinula galeata sandvicensis; hereafter Hawaiian gallinule), is among the most threatened of these (USFWS, 2011), with biannual population survey counts below 1,000 individuals (Reed et al., 2011) and a range limited to the islands of O‘ahu and Kaua‘i. The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Behavior. Endangered Species List. Fish and Wildlife Service 1980). Metropolitan Museum. See more. The bird has a red bill with a yellow tip, and a red frontal shield. The Hawaiian common gallinule population reached an all-time low in 1967 of just 13 birds statewide. Both sexes appear similar, although males are larger, and both give voice to chicken-like cackles and croaks. Thick legs and long toes are drab yellow. Many species are saprobes, with many asexual states comprising important plant pathogens. Back to top. It squawks and whinnies from thick cover in marshes and ponds from Canada to Chile, peeking in and out of vegetation. The Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis (Hawaiian common moorhen) is a medium-sized waterbird that reach a length of 12-14 in (30-36 cm). Hawaiian Common Gallinule (‘Alae ‘Ula) Surveying a Subspecies. The shield may also be used in courtship display and territorial defense. COMMON GALLINULE - Google Search. Year-round. Introduced predators such as cats, mongooses, bullfrogs, and turtles are another problem for the ground-feeding birds. provider any provider iNaturalist Wikimedia Commons Flickr Group. In Hawaiian legend, these birds were thought to have brought fire from the gods to the Hawaiian people. Birdfinding.info ⇒ The Hawaiian endemic form of Common Gallinule is rare in absolute numbers but still locally common on Oahu and Kauai. Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Gallineta frente roja, Common Moorhen, gallinule poule-d'eau : Subspecies: Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis Streets, 1877 – Hawaiian Common Gallinule, Hawaiian Common Moorhen This research project will help inform land managers about what the birds need for successful nesting. The Hawaiian common gallinule declined due to the destruction and degradation of its wetland habitat. This research project will help inform land managers about what the birds need for successful nesting. any license CC-BY CC-BY-NC CC-BY-NC-SA CC-BY-SA No copyright. The Common Gallinule swims like a duck and walks atop floating vegetation like a rail with its long and slender toes. It lives around well-vegetated marshes, ponds, canals, etc. The ʽalae ʽula (Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis), or Hawaiian common moorhen, is an endemic subspecies of the common gallinule or common moorhen (G. galeata) of North America (Bannor and Kiviat 2002). ‘Alae ‘Ula are opportunistic feeders. Feeding Behind a Shield. Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Gallineta frente roja, Common Moorhen, gallinule poule-d'eau : Subspecies: Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis Streets, 1877 – Hawaiian Common Gallinule, Hawaiian Common Moorhen The ‘Alae ‘Ula's striking red frontal shield is thought to protect its face as the bird forages through dense vegetation for grasses, seeds, mollusks, and aquatic insects and their larvae. APPEARANCE: The Hawaiian coot is a small waterbird with a black head, a solid grayish-black body, a white bill, a … Legs and feet are yellowish green with a red band (garter) around the upper leg. Hawaiian Coot Final MCBH INRMP Update (2017-2021) August 2017 C2-25 COMMON NAME: Hawaiian coot HAWAIIAN NAME: ‘Alae ke‘oke‘o SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fulica alai LEGAL STATUS: Endangered (Federal and State). The ‘alae‘ula, or Hawaiian Common Gallinule, is an endangered species, with the global population estimated at 1,000 birds. The one photo gives a good glimpse of their rather large feet. MBTA protected. The Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata) is a bird in the Rallidae family that was split from the Common Moorhen by the American Ornithologists' Union in July 2011. Brooklyn Museum. Thick legs and long toes are drab yellow. Endangered Species List. Endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. No historical population estimates are available for the endemic ‘alae ‘ula. See more. This boldly marked rail has a brilliant red shield over the bill and a white racing stripe down its side. The Hawaiian Common Gallinule is a species of waterbird, only found on the main Hawaiian islands, that is listed on the U.S. The parents frequently incorporate a ramp on one side to allow chicks to easily clamber in and out. Condition at Hatching: Eyes open and covered in blackish down. Our site uses cookies to collect anonymous information about your use of our website. The species is not found in the polar regions, or many tropical rainforests. The Hawaiian Common Gallinule is a species of waterbird, only found on the main Hawaiian islands, that is listed on the U.S. Donate to support ABC's conservation mission! The Hawaiian Moorhen is a dark gray bird with a black head and neck, and white feathers on their flanks and on their undertail coverts (or feathers). Has a long bill and large feet and is less brown. It feeds on insects, plants and mollusks. Though absolute abundance numbers aren't clear, its population growth rate was sharply positive from 1956 through the mid-1980s, then increased more slowly through 2007. And climate change, particularly rising sea level, threatens the  species' low-lying coastal habitat. It experienced a drastic population declined as a result of destruction and degradation of its wetland habitat. Comparatively, little is known about gallinule biology on Kauai and Dr. Bruce Dugger has begun studying how gallinules use managed seasonal wetlands and wetlands used for taro agriculture to meet their daily and seasonal habitat needs as well as how management of these habitats influences habitat conditions for gallinules. We can help! The Hawaiian Common Gallinule was listed as Endangered under the U.S. While no historic population estimates exist, the species was formerly quite common. The species is not found in the polar regions or many tropical rainforests. The Hawaiian Gallinule was formerly called the Hawaiian Moorhen, but in a recent taxonomic revision the North American and Eurasian forms were split and the North American form was renamed the Common Gallinule (Chesser et al. Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Hawaiian Common Moorhen Final MCBH INRMP Update (2017-2021) August 2017 C2-27 COMMON NAME: Hawaiian common moorhen or Hawaiian common gallinule HAWAIIAN NAME: ‘Alae ‘ula SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gallinula galeata sandvicensis LEGAL STATUS: Endangered (Federal and State) APPEARANCE: The Hawaiian common moorhen is black on the top portion of its body with dark Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon 97331. This dark gray bird has a black head and neck and white feathers on the flanks and under tail coverts, a very distinctive red frontal shield; bill tip is yellow with a red base, and the legs and feet are greenish, without lobes. The Hawaiian Common Gallinule was once found throughout the Hawaiian archipelago, but now occurs only on the islands of Kaua‘i and O‘ahu—mainly due to loss of habitat and invasive species such as domestic cats. Trying to learn Chinese, Simplified? Human development on its preferred lowland wetland habitats and the introduction of non-native predators are the primary causes of population declines. The Hawaiian Gallinule (also called Hawaiian Moorhen, Common Hawaiian Gallinule, Common Hawaiian Moorhen) is a subspecies of the Common Gallinule. COMMON GALLINULE Gallinula galeata Other: 'Alae'ula, Koki mudhen, Hawaiian Moorhen, G.g. The filling, dredging, and draining of wetlands in Hawai'i has greatly reduced the amount of habitat available for the gallinule, limiting their distribution and abundance. ‘Alae ‘Ula are territorial and defend an area of wetland ranging from a quarter-acre to a half-acre. United States Christmas Bird Counts reported 672 species, 58 infraspecific forms (forms), two count week species, and 44 exotics. College of Agricultural Sciences The Hawaiian Gallinule is a subspecies of the common moorhen. The bird has a red bill with a yellow tip, and a red frontal shield. Hawaiian Common Gallinule and chicks. Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Nene (Hawaiian Goose) PUBLIC VISITS & TOURS AVAILABLE! Gallinule definition, any aquatic bird of the family Rallidae, having elongated, webless toes. Adults have bright red bill with yellow tip, … Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1967; it's also listed as endangered at the state level. BIRD OF THE WEEK: July 21, 2017 SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gallinula galeata sandvicensis POPULATION: Approximately 300 TREND: Stable or increasing HABITAT: Dense freshwater wetlands, Like the ‘Io (Hawaiian Hawk) and ‘Ua‘u (Hawaiian Petrel), the ‘Alae ‘Ula, or Hawaiian Common Gallinule, is revered in folklore. Clutch Size: 3-15 eggs: Number of Broods: 1-2 broods: Egg Length: 1.5-2.1 in (3.9-5.3 cm) Egg Width: 1.1-1.4 in (2.8-3.5 cm) Incubation Period: 19-22 days: Egg Description: Light gray with darker scattered specks and spots. バン、鷭、ハワイバン、Common Moorhen,、Hawaiian Gallinule、Hawaii, Oahu, Kailua, OharuArt The … image All images latest This Just In Flickr Commons Occupy Wall Street Flickr Cover Art USGS Maps. According to Hawaiian mythology the alae ula brought fire to humans, and its forehead was scorched in the process. Nesting Facts. ‘Alae ‘Ula can nest year-round, but the majority of nesting occurs from March to August and may depend on suitable water levels. SEE MORE POSTS ABOUT OUR Hawaiʻi wetlands priority Please contact us if you have a story to share. It has a swift strong direct flight. (Washington, D.C., August 17, 2017) Endangered ‘Alae ‘Ula (Hawaiian Common Gallinule, a subspecies of Common Gallinule formerly called Hawaiian Common Moorhen) are among the latest documented victims of feral cat predation on the Hawaiian island of Kaua‘i. on the extirpation risk of the Hawaiian common gallinule (Gallinulagaleata sandvicensis) on the island of O‘ahu Charles B. van Rees and J. Michael Reed Department of Biology, Tufts University, Medford, MA, United States of America ABSTRACT We conducted a spatially explicit, stochastic, individually based population viability It was split from the common moorhen by the American Ornithologists' Union in July 2011. Hawaiian Coot "Hawaiian" Common Gallinule: Pacific Golden-Plover: Pacific Golden-Plover: Ruddy Turnstone: Black-crowned Night-Heron: Brant "Eastern" Willet: Short-billed Dowitcher: Piping Plover "Hawaiian" Black-necked Stilt: Dunlin: Clark's Nutcracker: Harlequin Duck: Hudsonian Godwit: Nene (Hawaiian Goose) Swainson's Hawk: Swainson's Hawk : Swainson's Hawk: Swainson's Hawk: Red … New for the U.S. was a Far Eastern Curlew at Midway Atoll, HI, and a Scaly-naped Pigeon at Sanibel-Captiva, FL. The North Shore is also home to some of the last family farms on Oahu with crops of coffee, cacao, eggplant, papaya, pineapple, apple banana, and even scattered shrimp farms with Black-crowned Night Heron, the endemic Hawaiian Coot, Common Gallinule (endemic subspecies), and Black-necked Stilt (endemic subspecies). Saved by Nancie Petersen. It declined to 200 birds by 1941 due to habitat loss, predation, and human hunting, but climbed to about 1,000 birds by 1949, apparently in response to release from hunting pressure [1]. Elsewhere, the common gallinule is likely the most commonly seen rail species in much of North America, except for the American coot in some regions. One subspecies of the Common Gallinule is found only in the Hawaiian Islands and is often called the Hawaiian Gallinule, or alae ula, where it is an endangered species. A “species and subspecies that evolved in Hawaii and are found nowhere else in the world.” The prize lay conveniently just beyond the ticket booth. This dark gray bird has a black head and neck and white feathers on the flanks and under tail coverts, a very distinctive red frontal shield; bill tip is yellow with a red base, and the legs and feet are greenish, without lobes. According to legend, this bird brought fire from the gods to the people, burning its white forehead red in the process. Hawaiian Moorhen: This moorhen is a subspecies of the Common Gallinule. Fish and Wildlife Service 1980). Arctic Loon at Shemya Island, AK, and Rustic Bunting at Columbia Estuary, OR, were found only during Count Week. Female gallinules lay a clutch of around five eggs, which hatch after two to three weeks of incubation by both sexes. Two of Hawaii's endemic waterbirds, the Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai) and the Hawaiian subspecies of the Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis), were considered “abundant” and widely distributed throughout the main Hawaiian islands prior to the 1900s , though no estimates (pre-1900s) of population size are available. This bird's platform-style nest is built from twigs, stems, and leaves, with the male collecting materials and the female arranging them at the nest site. The Common or Hawaiian Gallinule (formerly the Moorhen), also called `alae `ula in Hawaiian, is really not so common after all. It feeds on insects, plants and mollusks. As recently as 1891, Munro (1960) found the species common on all the main Hawaiian Islands with wetlands, but by 1947 its status was precarious (Schwartz and Schwartz 1949). This boldly marked rail has a brilliant red shield over the bill and a white racing stripe down its side. sandvichensis Hawaiian Gallinule, Common Moorhen native resident, endemic subspecies, endangered The Common Gallinule of the Americas and Common Moorhen (G. chloropus) of Eurasia were considered the same species until split in by the AOU (2011). Also commonly known as the Hawaiian gallinule, it is black above and slate-blue below with white dashes along the flank and white markings beneath the tail. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. (Washington, D.C., August 17, 2017) Endangered ‘Alae ‘Ula (Hawaiian Common Gallinule, a subspecies of Common Gallinule formerly called Hawaiian Common Moorhen) are among the latest documented victims of feral cat predation on the Hawaiian island of Kaua‘i. It feeds on insects, plants and mollusks. Often seen swimming, picking at the water's surface, or walking along the edge of aquatic vegetation. They have a very distinctive red frontal shield, and their bill … Common GALLINULE--‘alae ‘ula. ABC recently joined with several partner groups. Top NASA Images Solar System Collection Ames Research Center. Often seen swimming, picking at the water's surface, or walking along the edge of aquatic vegetation. Common Gallinule nests are around 10–12 inches wide. Like Wilson's Plover and Piping Plover chicks, ‘Alae ‘Ula hatchlings are precocial: They can walk and swim within a few hours of hatching. This information is used to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The Hawaiian common gallinule (‘Alae ‘ula, Gallinula galeata sandvicensis; hereafter Hawaiian gallinule), is among the most threatened of these (USFWS, 2011), with biannual population survey counts below 1,000 individuals (Reed et al., 2011) and a range limited to the islands of O‘ahu and Kaua‘i. Adults have bright red bill with yellow tip, thin white side stripe, and some white under the tail. 1 2; 3; Last » cc-by-nc-4.0. Learn about Common Gallinule (Hawaiian): explore photos, sounds, and observations collected by birders around the world. This endangered waterbird is endemic to Hawaii and though considered to be common in the 1800s, it is now only found on Kauai and Oahu. The Common Gallinule swims like a duck and walks atop floating vegetation like a rail with its long and slender toes. Dothideomycetes comprise a highly diverse range of fungi characterized mainly by asci with two wall layers (bitunicate asci) and often with fissitunicate dehiscence. Hawaiian Moorhen: This moorhen is a subspecies of the Common Gallinule. Endangered Species List. One of the most photographed locations in Hawaii, tourists view Hanalei NWR from the overlook near the Foodland grocery store by Princeville (the taro fields are on the refuge). It lives around well-vegetated marshes, ponds, canals, and other wetlands. The Common Moorhen or Common Gallinule (Gallinula chloropus) is a bird in the Rail family with an almost worldwide distribution. The birds cannot fly for about 25 days each year during their molting period, usually from June-September, which increases their vulnerability to predation. This dark gray bird has a black head and neck and white feathers on the flanks and under tail coverts, a very distinctive red frontal shield; bill tip is yellow with a red base, and the legs and feet are greenish, without lobes. They are also endophytes, epiphytes, fungicolous, lichenized, or lichenicolous fungi. Hawaiian Gallinule Gallinula galeata sandvicensis Streets 1877. collect. This photograph and the ones below were all taken at Hamakua Marsh in Kailua, Oahu. It is endangered and is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands....now limited to Kauai, Oahu, and Molokai. 2011), though under the ESA it is still listed as the Hawaiian Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis; USFWS 2011). Photo by Hob Osterlund. Hawaiian Common Gallinule ( `Alae `ula) (5) The Hawaiian common gallinule was listed as an endangered species in 1967. However, they depend on their parents for protection and food for several more weeks. HAWAIIAN GALLINULE (Gallinula galeata sandvicensis) – ‘Alae ‘Ula – (See images below) DESCRIPTION: The Hawaiian Gallinule is generally black, with a little bit of white on the wings and tail underside. It lives around well-vegetated marshes, ponds, canals, and other wetlands in the Americas. They may take food from the water's surface, dip or dive underwater, or turn over aquatic vegetation as they seek prey. Hawaiian coot and Hawaiian gallinule are hypothesized to be relatively recent colonizers to the archipelago (Fleischer & McIntosh, 2001); however, based on fossil evidence, the Hawaiian coot may have occupied the islands for a longer duration than the gallinule.A Fulica sp. The following description is a summary of information in the Hawaiian common moorhen Birds of North America account (Bannor and Kiviat 2002). Hawaiian. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Found in the Antilles, except Trinidad and Barbados; also found in South Florida.above. The Hawaiian goose, or nēnē, is endemic to the Hawaiian islands, where it declined from a historic population estimate of 20,000 birds to just 30 by 1918 due to overhunting, habitat loss and introduced predators. (It differs slightly from the more familiar Common Gallinule in having a reddish blush on the front of its legs and a more extensive facial shield.). An index of the population increased from 13 in 1967 to 363 in 2007. FLOCK - Field and Lab Ornithology Collaboratory, Fisheries or Wildlife Management Graduate Certificate, PSM in Fisheries & Wildlife Administration, Habitat Restoration & Conservation Ecology. It has a swift strong direct flight. Although not as secretive as other members of the rail family, such as the elusive Black Rail, this gallinule's preferred habitat—dense aquatic vegetation—can complicate efforts to accurately estimate its population size. The population today is probably only in the hundreds. Ongoing Current: Prior to FY 1995: Other: Division of Forestry and Wildlife, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, United States Marine Corps , U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service - National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Navy Memorize these flashcards or create your own Chinese, Simplified flashcards with Cram.com. The Hawaiian Common Gallinule population is on the on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of becoming threatened or endangered without conservation action; Facts source: Cornell University – All About Birds. Human development on its preferred lowland wetland habitats and the introduction of non-native predators are the primary causes of population declines. Hawaiian coot and Hawaiian gallinule are hypothesized to be relatively recent colonizers to the archipelago (Fleischer & McIntosh, 2001); however, based on fossil evidence, the Hawaiian coot may have occupied the islands for a longer duration than the gallinule.A Fulica sp. Blackish, chicken-like marsh bird, often found near cattails, never far from water. Because they are such secretive birds, it is difficult to conduct surveys of this species. The Hawaiian subspecies of the Common Gallinule (Gallinula chloropus sandvicensis) is endangered (U.S. Blackish, chicken-like marsh bird, often found near cattails, never far from water. The Hawaiian Common Gallinule is a species of waterbird, only found on the main Hawaiian islands, that is listed on the U.S. The species is not found in the polar regions, or many tropical rainforests. Sign up for ABC's eNews to learn how you can help protect birds. Procreate on iPadPro shield over the bill and a white racing stripe down its side, though under the it! At Hatching: Eyes open and covered in blackish down ( Gallinula sandvicensis! Or create your own Chinese, Simplified flashcards with Cram.com slender toes this photograph and the introduction non-native! It squawks and whinnies from thick cover in marshes and ponds from Canada Chile. Our site uses cookies to collect anonymous information about your use of our website: Control undesirable species! Webless toes limited to Kauai, Oahu, and its forehead was scorched in the process below all. For successful nesting of aquatic vegetation the bill and a white racing stripe down its.! Was listed as endangered under the ESA it is difficult to conduct surveys of this species except and. Dip or dive underwater, or, were found only during count week forehead was scorched in the USA and! 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Sciences Oregon state University Corvallis, Oregon 97331, though under the ESA it is still listed endangered. The process swimming, picking at the water 's surface, or Hawaiian Common Moorhen on one side to chicks! Information about your use of our website dip or dive underwater, or, were found during! Duck and walks atop floating vegetation like a duck and walks atop floating vegetation like rail... Chicks to easily clamber in and out of vegetation Bannor and Kiviat 2002 ) 13... White side stripe, and turtles are another problem for the U.S. a! Appear similar, although hawaiian common gallinule are larger, and a Scaly-naped Pigeon at Sanibel-Captiva FL... Problem for the U.S. was a far Eastern Curlew at Midway Atoll, HI, and other wetlands mythology alae. Species are saprobes, with many asexual States comprising important plant pathogens week species, with global... ( ESA ) in 1967 of just 13 birds statewide Hawaiian Gallinule is... 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Uses cookies to collect anonymous information about your use of our website canals, and observations collected birders!