Another scary creature from their folklore is the La Diablese or the devil woman who appears beautiful from far away to lure victims but hides a hoof under her long dress and hideous face under a big hat. In the article “The Roots of Caribbean Identity: Language, Race and Ecology” Roberts links how European countries embrace their identity “which suggest that place, people and language are closely allied in the formulation of national identity” (Roberts, 2008) and in the Caribbean we have a great present of European influence such as the language, place and person. A walk down Flatbush Avenue immerses you in intense Caribbean culture, with the presence of different businesses that center around Caribbean identity and culture. ( Log Out /  Each culture has its own unique foods, philosophy, religious practices, perceptions of beauty and music. Honoring its African heritage, during the 1980’s and 1990’s Afro-Caribbean art started to depict post-modern concerns of identity and cultural diversity [4]. There were many different religious and cultural identities in the early Caribbean. In addition, O. Nigel Bolland, Professor of Sociology at Colgate University, New York, has recently edited and compiled a collection of readings titled, The Birth of Caribbean Civilisation: A Century of Ideas about Culture and Identity, Nation and Society, soon to be published by Ian Randle Publishers. The more we know and see . CULTURE Defining Identity An identity may be defined as the individual characteristics, style or manner that is fundamental to a person and by which that person is recognised. Aspects of culture were shared, exchanged and new elements of culture created whether by force or voluntarily. Buy eBook Now Gift eBook. It is this diversity that gives the Caribbean region a unique identity. The Caribbean region presents an interesting case study for the analysis of the inextricable link between culture and identity. The history of the Caribbean people did not begin when the Europeans came. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Bermuda Triangle - Fascinating Facts And Mysteries, 10 Fascinating Facts About Owls Not Many People Know, Super Fascinating Facts About The Human Eye You Probably Don't Know, Some Absolutely Fascinating Facts About A Tornado, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Failure to do so breeds problems of identity and belonging. Of course, the slaughter of the indigenous people and human trade which ensued also contributed to this in a multi dimensional way. Caribbean culture – Caribbean languages, religions, festivals, art forms, values, customs, sports, and other forms of self-expression – is dynamic. In this way, any factors which influenced the construction and development of that culture then cannot be separated from the identity of the individual. The impact of the colonial era did not have a magic eraser effect on the inhabitants of the Caribbean region. The US then started colonizing parts of the Caribbean in the 1900s. . It uses historical, political, economic, and other factors to answer such. ( Log Out /  Dealing with the ongoing interaction of rich and diverse cultural traditions from Cuba and Jamaica to Guyana and Surinam, Nation Dance addresses some of the major contemporary issues in the study of Caribbean religion and identity. The heartman terrorizes naughty children and carves out people’s hearts. For example, a person born in a Caribbean context cannot very well be considered Caribbean beyond the sense of nationality without incorporating certain learned behaviours into his/her schema of thinking and actions. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. She is said to lure victims to their death or madness. Pearce’s (2008) documentary entitled “Wrestling with the Angels” explores the concept of Caribbeanness. African culture has left an indelible mark in Caribbean history. A pan-Caribbean perspective seeks to emphasize the importance of considering information from the a broad area, one characterized as "the American Mediterranean," in evaluating issues of mobility, exchange, linguistics, ideology, art, material culture, and identity. The Caribbean culture … Mealtimes are considered a social activity where tummies are nourished and familial bonds are forged. I want to suggest that such questions are not in any sense separate or removed from the problems of political mobilization, of cultural development, of economic development and so on. Spanish is the official language in many countries like the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, and Cuba while French is spoken in areas including Haiti, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St Barthelemy, French Guiana, and St Martin. Identity is marked by the characteristics or aspects of the individual which define him or her. A Caribbean identity refers to the qualities, beliefs and culture common to the geographic area known as the Caribbean. Caribbean Civilisation Portfolio - Culture and Identity in the Caribbean Title of Portfolio: Caribbean Culture and Identity- The Importance of Culture and Identity in the Caribbean Society. There are several ways in which the term culture may be interpreted. Beyond the blood, the beach & the banana: new perspectives in Caribbean studies. They believe that the spirit of the dead lingers for nine days to stay in the home or exact revenge on those who have wronged him. Columbus had actually set out in search for the Indies, but being terrible at being wrong, he decided to call what he had discovered by the name of what he had set out to discover. Culture can be identified as an important contributor to identity. Columbus had actually set out in search for the Indies, but being terrible at being wrong, he decided to call what he had discovered, The historical blunder of Columbus however has come to play a major role in what is now Caribbean culture and identity or West Indian culture and identity. In 1497 Christopher Columbus founded an island in the Caribbean which then signaled the start of the Spanish colonization. . The Caribbean is a region whose very name reverberates from the early effects of globalisation (then called colonialism). The Caribbean’s multiculturalism is reflected in its many dialects and languages. The region is a melting pot of different languages, cuisine, music, and customs. The Caribbean region presents an interesting case study for the analysis of the inextricable link between culture and identity. Sometimes called a “carnaval” these fun street parties are meant to celebrate and commemorate events in history. ( Log Out /  Caribbean Cultural Identity: An Essay in Cultural Dynamics is a reaffirmation of the validity of that persistent quest by the Jamaican and Caribbean people for place and purpose in a globalised world of continuous change. By Jeanette Allsopp John R. Rickford. The Caribbean is the birthplace of many popular types of music that have spread throughout the world. The use of cast iron in many Caribbean structures was introduced by the French while the mechanical saws brought by the Americans gave rise to the use of intricate wooden lacework seen in many facades of homes and buildings in the region. Everyday Caribbean speech is lively and vibrant, and much is informed by African language structures. As Table 3 shows, the Caribbean is characterized by its linguistic heterogeneity and complexity. The Christian religion which we inherited from Europeans during the slave trade (mid slaughter of course) remains an aspect of the largely monotheistic composition of societies such as Barbados to this day. Definition 2: Benedict Anderson: ... U.S. movies, music, clothes, styles, and slang pervade our psyche, having an impact on the evolution of the Caribbean identity. But just like there are many dimensions that coincide to create our Caribbean identity, there are many factors that are responsible for its creation. Distinct African Heritage. In bestowing upon us the name, The Communication And Caribbean Society Blog, Globalization and Culture In the Caribbean, Towards A Representative Representation Of The Caribbean In Media, The Crisis Of Gender Representation In The Caribbean, From Cricket To Quadrille, Caribbean Culture Patching And Persisting Through Colonialism, Wide Sargasso Sea: Communicative Analysis, Creole Languages: Perceived Differences & Observer homogeneity. In the postcolonial Caribbean, Social factors influencing culture are then social factors influencing the identity of individuals living in that society. CARIBBEAN IDENTITY AND. Nationalism based on the idea of being Caribbean, or more specifically, Jamaican, sustained a common identity rooted in a common history and culture. The culture of the Caribbean found its origins in the collision between cultures, one attempting to dominate and the other becoming subservient. The link between culture and identity in this way becomes clear. In this lecture I will address questions of Caribbean culture and identity. Collectively, the attributes of a individuals within a society play a major role in what constitutes their identity and their culture. Caribbean Identity and Culture - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. It is related to, but different from the vibrant film and other forms of visual representation of the Afro-Caribbean (and Asian) 'blacks' of the diasporas of the West - the new post-colonial subjects. Each culture has its own unique foods, philosophy, religious practices, perceptions of beauty and music. For this reason, in the present study, the Caribbean is defined as: The cultural area created since the end of the XV century to serve the expansion of capitalism. 17 394.25(729.87) Carnival, Memory and Identity Giuseppe Sofo Université d'Avignon, France, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Italy Abstract: The carnival of Trinidad and Tobago is a performative ritual of cultural resistance and awakening, This eBook cannot be used outside of the BookFusion platform. And their influence helped shaped the Caribbean’s unique culture. Such cultural characteristics involve not only speech and language but shared knowledge of one’s environment in addition to systems of reference and labelling of things distinctly Caribbean. In this sense, culture is a social construct. Wilson (1998) defines the Caribbean culture as “the result of the violent mixture of indigenous people from Quisqueya, Xaymaca, Borinquén The historical Caribbean describes the area that saw the impact of European colonization, slavery, indentureship and plantation system. It is a feast for all the senses meant to excite not just the palate but the eyes and nose as well. People in other areas like Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saaba, St Eustatius, and St Maarteen on the other hand can speak Dutch. By Loraine Balita-Centeno on May 24 2020 in Society. The African people brought with them their music, dance, rituals, cuisines, and customs when they moved to the islands. Caribbean cuisine is a beautiful hodgepodge of different flavors made even more interesting by its colorful ingredients and distinctly flavored spices or condiments. Courtman, Sandra. Courtman, Sandra. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. These events created an interesting mix between the native Caribbean culture and those of the different colonizers. Submitted by Nicosia Shakes Reg#: 97007224 There has been a lot of discrepancy concerning the concept "Caribbean Identity". Between 1662 and 1807 Britain brought around three million Africans to the Caribbean who were sold as slaves to work in plantations. The region’s architecture reflects their rich influences (Amerindian, African, and European) which gave birth to a medley of styles evident in their buildings and homes. Beyond the blood, the beach & the banana: new perspectives in Caribbean studies. When speaking of society, we often use the term culture. African culture has left an indelible stamp in Caribbean history. Cultural Identity and Diaspora STUART HALL A new cinema of the Caribbean is emerging, joining the company of the other 'Third Cinemas'. Culture and Creolization. In the postcolonial Caribbean, 10. "Caribbean Cultural Identity: An Essay in Cultural Dynamics is a reaffirmation of the validity of that persistent quest by the Jamaican and Caribbean people for place and purpose in a globalised world of continuous change. What one did find was cultures which collided and mixed in a unique way. Title: Economic Integration and Caribbean Identity: Convergences and Divergences Created Date: 20190116184925Z Food preparation is a social activity often done by several members of the family. others. Culture vs Identity Culture and identity, as both being social constructs, understanding the difference between culture and identity can be a problem for some. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Around the 1600s the British, French, and Dutch seized Caribbean territories from the Spanish empire. Its culture is a beautiful blend of a colonial and native elements shaped by each country’s socio-cultural experiences. The Caribbean culture … These characteristics are dependent on the interaction with and socializing effect of the society around the individual, which in turn exists in tandem with the cultural fingerprint of that society. In Jamaica, people have a different way of bidding the dead goodbye. The term Caribbean culture summarises the artistic, musical, literary, culinary, political and social elements that are representative of Caribbean people all over the world. Caribbean Studies – Caribbean Culture and Identity Introduction The culture of the Caribbean people as practiced and experienced among the islands of the Caribbean Sea, that stretch from the Bahamas in the north to the mainland shores of the Guianas in the south, comprises a complex amalgam of influences gathered together over a period of some five hundred years. Cliff’s portrayal touches the heart and soul of Caribbean identity. Each year different countries in the region host hundreds of festivals and carnivals and people take preparations seriously. The result is that the identity of the region and its people has been significantly shaped by two groups of people; Africans and Europeans. The book's three sections move from a focus on spirituality and healing, to theology in social and political context, and on to questions of identity and diaspora. National identity is the depiction of a country as a whole encompassing its culture, traditions, language and politics. Political mobilization has played on these cleavages so that ethnic sensitivity and assertiveness pervade these states like blood the body. CARIBBEAN IDENTITY A Commentary On Regionalism And Caribbean Identity. It’s more useful to think of culture in the sense of being something unique which is possessed by persons by virtue of the fact that they are members of a human society rather than a body of knowledge which constitutes something superior. Since it was he who had created this civilisation, it was then his job to give them a name and identity. Caribbean identity refers to the cultures or characteristics that identify or define the Caribbean and its people. Its culture is a beautiful blend of a colonial and native elements shaped by each country’s socio-cultural experiences. In this way, historical features played a large role in the shaping of the cultural landscape of the Caribbean. Food is then shared with extended members of the family. The individual, without the assimilation of these cultural characteristics will not feel composite of the society on a whole. These were then forged and shaped further by their experiences under the colonizers. Protestants, Catholics, … Presented by Afro-Caribbean Churches in the UK and The University of the West Indies through the Office of ... as part of a larger and more long-term goal to establish the UK Diaspora in a correct knowledge of their history and cultural identity. The Caribbean Identity The way in which Benítez-Rojo and Mintz tackle the question of Caribbean identity in their articles, is a removed, objective ideal, in contrast to Michelle Cliff’s portrayal of Jamaican identity. Creole and Patois are spoken across the region. On the 9th night the spirit frees itself from the Earth and so the mourners send him off with a party filled with loud music, lots of dancing, and storytelling. 17 394.25(729.87) Carnival, Memory and Identity Giuseppe Sofo Université d'Avignon, France, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Italy Abstract: The carnival of Trinidad and Tobago is a performative ritual of cultural resistance and awakening, CARIBBEAN IDENTITY AND. Essay delves into whether or not it is possible for the Caribbean to have a single identity. Not human in the sense that without culture one cannot be considered a human being, but in the context of the civilization to which the individual belongs. Caribbean popular culture in recent years is being marketed all over the world. In post-colonial societies like Jamaica, the issue of cultural identity is as important as political independence and economic self-sufficiency. This has had a profound effect on Caribbean lifestyles, consumer habits with a corresponding threat to Caribbean identity, as by osmosis, external influences begin to permeate all aspects of life and threaten the uniqueness of Caribbean identity. The contributors, many of them leading authorities on language variation in the Caribbean, explore various aspects of language, culture and identity in the region, focusing on themes that engaged Allsopp in his lifetime: Creole linguistics, Caribbean lexicography, language in folklore and religion, literature, music and dance, and language issues in Caribbean schools. The book's three sections move from a focus on spirituality and healing, to theology in social and political context, and on to questions of identity and diaspora. "Caribbean Cultural Identity: An Essay in Cultural Dynamics is a reaffirmation of the validity of that persistent quest by the Jamaican and Caribbean people for place and purpose in a globalised world of continuous change. Caribbean homogeneity lurk numerous identities around the axes of race, culture, language, religion, region, etc. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Submitted by Nicosia Shakes Reg#: 97007224 There has been a lot of discrepancy concerning the concept "Caribbean Identity". Caribbean identities More images below. Harney, Stefano. Biologically, a lot of the aspects of the nature of Caribbean people can be attributed to patterns in trade and breeding of slaves. Between … Wilson (1998) defines the Caribbean culture as “the result of the violent mixture of indigenous people from Quisqueya, Xaymaca, Borinquén US$ 14.99. It is through the acquisition of culture that a person becomes “human”. While many countries in the Caribbean especially those colonized by Spain have remained Catholic, others practice many other religions. Caribbean identity is related to how Caribbean immigrants maintain and express their cultural practices despite living hundreds, if not thousands of miles away from their homelands. And food in the Caribbean isn’t just for sustenance. Way before the Europeans landed on the region, the islands were home to a native population of around 750,000 people composed of three groups: the Ciboney or Guanahuatebey, Taino Arawak, and Carib. Religion also was an aspect which defined the cultural landscape that exists in the Caribbean today. Here are a few things about the Caribbean culture that will make you want to pack your bags and fly to the islands so you can experience it yourself. Caribbean Studies – Caribbean Culture and Identity Introduction The culture of the Caribbean people as practiced and experienced among the islands of the Caribbean Sea, that stretch from the Bahamas in the north to the mainland shores of the Guianas in the south, comprises a complex amalgam of influences gathered together over a period of some five hundred years. They created dances, songs, and chants as a means of expression which reflected their lives in the plantation. Nonetheless, a suggested definition for the Caribbean, would be to consider both its varying characteristics and its unique identity. More directly, aspects such as the plantation society determined cultural markers of the persons who lived and worked there. Jamaica's motto "Out of Many One People" aptly describes the melting pot development of the Jamaican society. Old Havana for instance showcases colonial architecture highly influenced by medieval Spain and the Baroque art. Culture encompasses then, not only the sum of characteristics, beliefs, views and practices unique to a particular society but also incorporates the process of bringing or raising new members into this system through the means of socialization. The Caribbean is a melting pot of cultures with influences from European colonizers, the native community who lived there before colonization, and the waves of immigration. Most of these stories involve some spine-chilling supernatural beings like the heartman born out of Barbadian folklore. Nevertheless, the actual realities of Caribbean living point out to the fact, unlike what the proponents of a strong ‘Caribbean identity’ would like us to believe, the natives in the Caribbean proper continue to think of their existential identity as something quite inseparable from the color of their skin and their culturally-religious affiliation. Music is an important part of these parades as well as glittering (and intricately-designed) costumes and colorful floats. It provokes investigation into Caribbean cultural identity, asking such questions as “Is there a distinct Caribbean culture?”, “Is there a Popular culture has been one important means by which, even in days of colonialism and slavery, people were able to express their identity. The Caribbean region presents an interesting case study for the analysis of the inextricable link between culture and identity. There’s also Santeria in Cuba that’s derived from Yoruba beliefs and rituals which include sacrificing an animal to the Yoruba deities, and the Rastafarian movement that originated in Jamaica in the 1930s. The culture of the Caribbean found its origins in the collision between cultures, one attempting to dominate and the other becoming subservient. Let’s illustrate the link between culture and identity by looking at some aspects key to Caribbean culture, their origins and the role they play in constituting what is now Caribbean identity. In bestowing upon us the name West Indian , Columbus in fact formed a major part of what is now ingrained in our collective consciousness today. This discrepancy concerns the ensuing debate between the pluralists and the consensualists and the way in which diversity is viewed. In order to become a functioning member of the society into which one is born, it is necessary to assimilate the cultural characteristics of that society. In post-colonial societies like Jamaica, the issue of cultural identity is as important as political independence and economic self-sufficiency. For instance what foods they ate: ground provisions, pig entrails (pudding and souse) , general scraps allotted to them by their masters became parts of their dietary habits and still maintain as aspects of our cultures today. In a tradition called the Nine Night, Jamaicans hold nine-night celebrations. The first view of “cultural identity” in the Caribbean according to Hall, “defines “cultural identity” “in terms of one, shared culture, a sort of collective “one true self,” hiding inside the many other, more superficial or artificially imposed “selves,” which people with a … They showcase the best aspects of the rich Caribbean culture and their people’s vibrant way of life. There’s calypso music that combines spiritual elements with bongos, maracas, and Spanish guitar, soca which originated in Trinidad and Tobago and uses dholak as well as dhantal, and dancehall which originated in Jamaica and is a high-energy form of rap-reggae among many others. Here are a few things about the Caribbean culture that will make you want to pack your bags and fly to the islands so you can experience it yourself. Caribbean culture results from Caribbean history and geography.Most of the Caribbean territories were inhabited and developed earlier than European colonies (1492- ) in the Americas, with the result that themes and symbols of pioneers, farmers, traders and slaves became important in the early development of Caribbean culture. Postcolonial context marked by the characteristics or aspects of the major art centers the! Job to give them a name and identity the inextricable link between culture and identity ingredients! 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